Diamond Mines of the World

There are several large diamond mines throughout the world, on nearly every continent, and they help to feed the global fascination with the amazing mineral. Harder than anything else on Earth, we certainly do love our diamonds, but where do they come from?

First, if you have a diamond, chances are it came from one of the top 50 mines in the world. Those 50 mines account for 90 per cent of all the diamonds currently in the world today.

Overall, there are four main diamond centres for mining in the world.

african diamond

Africa

Arguably, the biggest exporter of diamonds on the planet, Africa has a plethora of diamond mines located primarily in four countries. These countries are Angola, Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe. Overall, 15 countries in Africa export diamonds, with the largest mines exporting millions of carats of diamonds every year.

  1. Catoca Diamond Mine: The fourth largest diamond mine in the world, producing millions of carrots per year. In 2012 alone, it exported 6.5 million carats of diamonds. This mine is located in Angola.
  2. Jwaneng Diamond Mine: Located in Botswana, it is the richest diamond mine on the planet. Operates began in 1982 and today it employs 2,100 people and even has its own airport. It is also known for having an excellent safety record, as well as an excellent environmentally-friendly record. Something that cannot be said for many African mines. Each year, it exports roughly 15.6 million carats of diamonds.
  3. Orapa Diamond Mine: Located in Botswana, this is the largest diamond mine in the world in terms of area, covering 1.18 square kilometres at ground level. Each year, it produces 11 million carats of diamonds. In total, 3,100 people are employed there and the mine also features primary schools for the children of the workers, and even holds an ISO 14001 certificate for environmental compliance. It also practices water conservation and waste management.
  4. Premier Mine: The only significant source of blue diamonds in the world, it is located in South Africa and produces 25 per cent of all the world’s diamonds of 400 carats or more. In 1905, the Cullinan Diamond was found, the largest rough diamond of gem quality ever.

Asia

There are two main diamond centres in Asia, with India and Russia making up by far the most diamond mines in the entire region.

  1. Udachnaya Pipe: This mine located in Russia, opened in 1955, is the third-deepest open pit mine in the world, and each year 10.4 million carats come out of it.

While India was where the Hope Diamond was discovered, little comes from it now.

North America

Canada and the United States export diamonds, with Canada exporting the most by far. Today, Canada is one of the largest diamond exporters in the world and its diamonds are guaranteed for being conflict-free. Mining didn’t even begin until the 1990s, and today millions of carats are exported every single year.

  1. Ekati Diamond Mine: The first surface and underground mine in Canada, today 7.5 million carats of diamonds come out of the mine each year.

diamond exporter

The largest exporters

So, what are the top 10 countries for most diamonds found? Here is a rundown.

10. Brazil: In total, Brazil contributes about .5 per cent of the world’s diamonds.

9. Ghana: One of the main sources of revenue for the country is diamond exports, which account for a small amount of the total amount exported worldwide.

8. Namibia: Accounting for 1.3 per cent of the world’s diamond supply, worth $410 million, diamond mining is one of its largest economic sectors.

7. Angola: Several large diamond mines are found in Angola, and along with oil, diamond mining makes up 60 per cent of the country’s income.

6. Canada: In all, $1.47 billion in diamonds come out of Canada, helping make it one of the top exporters on the planet for its conflict-free diamonds.

5. South Africa: A great deal of the country’s economy is based on diamond production, and the world’s largest diamond was also found in South Africa.

4. Australia: In all, 13 per cent of all the diamonds on the planet come out of Australia.

3. The Democratic Republic of Congo: Its citizens are some of the poorest on the planet, but the country is so rich in wealth from diamonds, with the country contributing 19 per cent of the global diamond production. The heavy reliance on mining causes many conflicts to erupt here.

2. Botswana: The largest diamond company in the country is half-owned by the government and the mining industry contributes 40 per cent of the country’s revenue. In all, it accounts for 20 per cent of the global diamond supply.

1. Russia: Many are surprised to find out that Russia contributes so much, but in all, 22 per cent of the total world’s diamond supply is contributed by Russia.

 

 

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